Wednesday, July 31, 2019
Degrading a famous work of art. Ã¢â¬Å"As the painting fame spread. It was inevitable that the icon would attract the iconoclast and be debunked. The main pioneer was Marcel DuchampÃ¢â¬ (Sassoon, p. 265). Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968) was known as an artist with a sense of humor, who also claimed that art could made out of anything at all, and getting famous in about 1917. He promoted Dadaist ideas that we can see it clearly through his art style, a little bit violent to the traditional art.He created the new thought on the original one by changing a little bit some figures on the work under the new title and show different point of view. Marcel Duchamp referred L. H. O. O. Q as a readymade or assisted readymade which he did not make it. He transformed Mona Lisa work in about 1919, and titled with L. H. O. O. Q meaning Ã¢â¬Å"She has a hot assÃ¢â¬ in French. Marcel Duchamp took a cheap postcard of Mona Lisa, and sketched a beard and moustache on her face with implying meaning that she is man; the one in the picture is portrait of real man.In addition, he really cared about Leonardo Da Vinci's life time. Besides, Duchamp had psychoanalyzed Leonardo sexual life to art, and argued Leonardo Da Vinci was homosexual. As a criticized artist, Marcel Duchamp somehow discovered he hidden self-portrait points on the picture along with his researches about Leonardo Da Vinci's art life works and then disclosed the secrets behind the painting. The other word, Marcel Duchamp considered that Mona Lisa is a portrait of Leonardo Da Vinci.This is the answer why Duchamp gets more famous in his life of art. The idea has shocked a lot of people that they never thought about, and with this later on, Leonardo sexuality had been researched continuingly. Until now, with the modern technology, Lilian F. Schwartz compared Leonardo portrait on Mona Lisa theme in 8 steps variations first from Leonardo turn to become Mona Lisa, we can explore the this idea more closely.However, whatever t he rumors are, in the fact, the paintings fame now has been spreading all over the world. Mona Lisa has been talked about, written about, copied, and even parodied. Positively or negatively, we all agree that all the criticized comments, ideas show that everyone is really cared about this masterpiece, and the mystery behind it. Leonardo Da Vinci is a greatest artist ever who has big influence to the world art and inspire later generation artist. Degrading a Famous Work of Art By angelianl 234
Tuesday, July 30, 2019
The world that we know today has come a long way since the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s. If we think about the number of philosophers and psychologists that have made discoveries and hypothesis about the things around them in connection with their ideals, principals and values, we can all clearly explain that the world is ever changing as a result of holistic approaches and expression of intelligence. With this being said, it is with certainty that I believe in the idealism philosophy. Life is about knowledge. Life encompasses internal meaning and spiritual reality. Humans exhibit this knowledge through internal thoughts of the world around them. All humans are born with an inner-good. The inner good can take something so ordinary and boring and turn it into spectacular ideals. In life, it is important to hold values, education, spirituality and creativity in the highest regard. The most valuable of these characteristics is that of education and spirituality. Holding these two characteristics of utmost importance can enable in human being to think outside the box of life itself and make all things possible. With education, one can learn and collectively approach life with understanding and competence. With spirituality, one can connect themselves with something with bigger meaning and create values. I believe that seeing everything in this world as something more than what it is in plain sight creates an attitude and understanding that is so powerful and meaningful that nothing can stop you. I believe that knowledge is the most powerful weapon in the world. Holding this near and dear to my heart I believe that anything is possible and there is nothing or no one that can stop you from learning and believing. The purpose of life is to gain knowledge and turn that knowledge into something extraordinary. It is about letting our minds take control and create something new. Life is meant to be about discovery and meaningful experiences especially with the people around us. In relation to my personal philosophy of life, health is very similar. Dictionary. com defines health as, Ã¢â¬Å"the general condition of the body or mind with reference to soundness and vigor: good health; poor healthÃ¢â¬ . In my own words and thoughts, I think a large portion of health encompasses a certain emphasis on the mind and well being as a result of good mental health. This is all made possible though health education. However, health education does have to include all dimensions of wellness; emotional, occupational, physical, spiritual, intellectual and social. With this knowledge of health and utilizing all six dimensions of wellness each individual can successfully place their self on the wellness continuum. The wellness continuum is very simple. When you have signs or symptoms of bad health, you are placed on the side of bad health with a treatment plan. However, if you are aware of your health, continue your education on your health and look forward to growth, you are placed on the good health side. It all begins with health education; a learning opportunity to see the dangers one can face that can negatively affect their health and the positive choices one can make that can prolong their life expectancy. The purpose of health is self promotion, well-being. Health is a life of knowledge, spiritual and social connections intertwined with well being that creates a long, prosperous journey. Health education in my own words is the knowledge about personal well-being, physically, mentally and socially that encompasses a number of philosophies to truly exhibit understanding. The predominate health education philosophies are behavior change, cognitive-based, decision-making, freeing and functioning and social change. All five of these philosophies should closely be tied into health education. Wikipedia defines health education as Ã¢â¬Å"the profession of educating people about health.  Areas within this profession encompass environmental health, physical health, social health, emotional health, intellectual health, and spiritual health. 2] It can be defined as the principle by which individuals and groups of people learn to behave in a manner conducive to the promotion, maintenance, or restoration of healthÃ¢â¬ . Being an idealist, with an emphasis on knowledge and the mind, I think health education is of major importance. Giving people the knowledge about good health, best practices and an understanding of why it is so important to take care of ourselves is of significant importance. With this knowledge of health education, people are able to ration ally think about the choices they make that can affect their health, good or bad. The benefits of health education are endless. People living longer, healthier, happier lives are just one of many benefits of health education. In my mind, especially as an idealist, there are no limitations to health education. Our minds are endless when it comes to creativity and with that being said; there is nothing that cannot be solved using a little creativity and healthy thinking power. However, this is only possible when we carry out all aspects of health education, from understanding and teaching the back lying hilosophies, to the predominate health education philosophies and the dimensions of wellness and everything they encompass can this take place. When society meets the ongoing goals and objectives facing health issues now and creates new goals and objectives, we know that we are achieving positive health education. Health education is ever changing and new health issues are always arising; it is overcoming these issues and setting out a template to take on the next is sues that keep our society moving in the right direction towards positive health. The purpose of health education is to promote positive life experiences, touching all dimensions of wellness. Health education creates healthy people who in return create healthy communities that stand together and fight for healthier lifestyles. A person is well educated if health education when they can describe what health is by notion of philosophies and all aspects of life that health effects. This person can also describe current health issues and can create a solution to help fix the heath issues. References Cohen, LeoNora M. 1999). Section III- Philosophical Perspectives in Education. OSU- School of Education, Section II.Retrieved from http://oregonstate. edu/instruct/ed416/ PP2. html Six Dimensions of Wellness Model (2011). National Wellness Institute.Retrieved from http://www. nationalwellness. org/index. php? id_tier=2&id_c=25 Works Cited Health Education. (2011). WikipediaRetrieved from http://en. wikipedia. org /wiki/Health_education Health. (2011). Dictionary. com. Retr ieved from http://dictionary. reference. com/browse/health
How does Shakespeare adapt the holinshed chronicles to create an entertaining piece of theatre? Essay
The Holinshed Chronicles, first published in 1577, contained factual accounts of the reign of Macbeth, and was used as the source material for ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢. During this essay, how Shakespeare used, edited and manipulated this information will be analysed. There are several reasons why Macbeth was a good choice for Shakespeare to base a play on. Firstly, Banquo, a character in Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, was related to the current King of England and Scotland, James I, so if Shakespeare portrayed Banquo as a good person, his play would gain instant popularity with the royal family. Another reason Shakespeare was drawn to Macbeth was because the factual story of Macbeth included the predictions of three strange women, or witches, and as people in the early 17th century took witchcraft very seriously, it added extra tension for the audience, and once again suited the interests of James I, who had a well known interest in witchcraft. It was typical for ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays to derive from other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s work, for example, Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ was taken from the Holinshed Chronicles. Another example of this is the play Ã¢â¬ËRomeo and JulietÃ¢â¬â¢, which was taken from an Italian poem, and turned into a play by Shakespeare. When creating Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s main aims were for his play to be popular with the Royal Family, and therefore popular with the general public, which meant that he would make a lot of money from the production. It was also important that the play wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t too long, and was easy to perform on stage. Shakespeare included three witches from the beginning of Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ to incorporate Macbeth into the central role of the play straight away. According to Holinshed, there were not only witches, but also Ã¢â¬Å"certeine wizzardsÃ¢â¬ who prophesied about Macbeth. Rather than include too many Ã¢â¬ËsupernaturalÃ¢â¬â¢ characters and complicate the performances on stage, Shakespeare created Hecate, a very powerful witch to make up for lack of witches and wizards from the Holinshed Chronicles. From their first appearance, the witches are in full control of what happens around them, Ã¢â¬Å"When shall we three meet again?Ã¢â¬ And where and how they appear. This is crucial to the play, as it gets the interest of the audience from the very first scene, because at the time when the play was first produced, there was a very strong belief about witches and the supernatural. Shakespeare is very creative with the way he uses the witches to incorporate the audience into the play. The witches often equivocate when talking to Macbeth, misleading and confusing him, Ã¢â¬Å"The power of man, for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth.Ã¢â¬ This technique is also effective when used to create dramatic irony, for example when it is used at the beginning of the play, Ã¢â¬Å"All hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter.Ã¢â¬ Shakespeare clearly highlighted the witches power throughout the play by using the various aforementioned techniques throughout the play. The witches language also helped for them to be taken seriously by the Shakespearean crowd, because they talked in iambic pentameter, and the people watching the play most probably wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t speak like that, so it helped to give the witches an extra Ã¢â¬ËedgeÃ¢â¬â¢ in the performance. The inclusion of the witches in the play was of up most importance, and was most probably a factor in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to use the story of Macbeth for his play. It must also be taken into account that the play wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t being performed with any effects, just a stage, so it was crucial that Shakespeare made the scenes possible to perform, (ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays were never meant to be read) whilst still using some form of stagecraft. A good example of this is from the Ã¢â¬Å"witches danceÃ¢â¬ scene. This would have looked good on stage, but it was equally simple to perform, with no additional effects required. In Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, Shakespeare portrays Duncan as a good ruler, who is well respected and liked. This conflicts with the Holinshed Chronicles, which suggest that Duncan was a terrible leader with little support or respect. Even though Shakespeare uses the Chronicles as the main source for his play, he mixes factual information with fiction, to make the play more appealing and exciting. Duncan first appears in the play in battle, and seems like a commanding character in control of his actions, but is later revealed to make errors in judgement, Ã¢â¬Å"He [the traitor] was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust.Ã¢â¬ His judgemental errors show again when he admires MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s castle, Ã¢â¬Å"This castle hath a pleasant seatÃ¢â¬ which will ultimately be the place of his murder. Despite this, Shakespeare again portrays him as a good king, as this is the main reason that Macbeth has doubts over his murder. One of the main reasons Shakespeare wanted to portray Duncan as a good king was to make the murder of him more dramatic. If he had portrayed Duncan as a bad monarch whom people disliked, his murder wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have been such a terrible act, and Macbeth would have faced little consequences. Instead, we are given an opportunity to see Macbeth rise to his zenith and quickly fall to his nadir shortly after in the play. Another reason for the murder of a Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ Duncan was to grab the attention of an audience that were watching the play at a time when there was a great belief in the Divine Right of Kings. It is widely believed that Shakespeare changed DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s character in a similar way to the other characters he portrayed differently than Holinshed Ã¢â¬â to cater to James I, the current King of England and Scotland. Throughout Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, Banquo is seen as the opposite of Macbeth, where as in the Holinshed Chronicles, itÃ¢â¬â¢s written that Banquo was as eager as Macbeth, and willing to support him throughout his plots and kingship. We first see Banquo at the beginning of the play, with Macbeth when they meet the witches, who tell the prophecies about Macbeth. Whilst Macbeth is thinking about the prophecies and plotting his next move, Banquo shows doubts, Ã¢â¬Å"Are ye fantastical, or that indeed which outwardly ye show?Ã¢â¬ This highlights the contrast between Macbeth and Banquo from the beginning of the play. As the play advances, we see the relationship between the two put under great strain, as Banquo is the only person who knows about MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s plots and murder of the king, Ã¢â¬Å"I fear thou playedÃ¢â¬â¢st most foully forÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬ Despite this, Banquo still pledges his loyalty to the new king, but is however murdered anyway due to the paranoia of Macbeth, and the seriousness in which Macbeth takes the witches predictions of BanquoÃ¢â¬â¢s children becoming king. There were several reasons why Shakespeare would have wanted to do this to BanquoÃ¢â¬â¢s character in Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢. Firstly, it highlighted the contrast between Macbeth, and his once close friend. It also highlighted MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s paranoia over the predictions of the witches, so much so that he was driven to murder his close friend to keep his throne. It is also another adaptation of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s that emphasises how he tried to adapt the play to suit the current king of England and Scotland, James I. At the time of writing it was believed that the king was a descendent of Banquo, so Shakespeare would have wanted to portray him as a good character, therefore gaining the approval of the Royal Family and making the play instantly popular. Macduff, a crucial character in the plot of Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, is only first seen in the middle of Act 2, and plays a rather scarce role in the play. However, this does not reduce the significance that he has on the plot of the play. Macduff is suspicious of Macbeth as soon as he takes the throne, and suspects that he killed Duncan. MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s suspicions of Macbeth are key to the plot, as it is he who flees to England to build an army capable of challenging Macbeth when he hears that his family have been murdered by Macbeth, Ã¢â¬Å"Within my swordÃ¢â¬â¢s length set him. If he scape, heaven forgive him too.Ã¢â¬ This is another example of a character being the friend of Macbeth at the start of the play, and turning against him as the play progresses. Ã¢â¬Å"Bring thou this fiend of Scotland and myselfÃ¢â¬ . In productions of Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s main sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s, such as his campaign in England and final battle with Macbeth, are hard to produce on stage. This has resulted in many productions cutting his scene in England, and Shakespeare changing the location of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s final battle. According to Holinshed, when Macbeth finds out about Macduff being born by Caesarean section, Ã¢â¬Å"Macduff was from his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s womb untimely ripped.Ã¢â¬ he flees, and is pursued by Macduff. However, in the play, Macbeth and Macduff fight at Dunsinane and Macbeth is ultimately slain. This is an example of how stagecraft was a major hurdle in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s productions, and how they were written. Shakespeare based Lady Macbeth on a person from Holinshed, Queen Gruoch of Scotland, however, he strongly exaggerates and changes the character to suit her role in the play. Lady Macbeth plays a key role in the plot of the play from the first time we see her, at the end of Act 1. Without Lady Macbeth, it is very probable that the playÃ¢â¬â¢s plot wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to exist, as it is Lady Macbeth who fuels MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s ambitions throughout the play. She is constantly twisting the thoughts of Macbeth and propelling him to do the awful things that he does throughout. In Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s first appearance, when she hears of the witches predictions she calls on evil spirits to assist her in her plans for DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s murder, Ã¢â¬Å"Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here and fill me from the crown to the toe topfull of direst cruelty.Ã¢â¬ As the play progresses, we see Lady Macbeth overpower the will and thoughts of Macbeth, for example, when she proposes the murder of Duncan, Macbeth goes back on his word, saying that he wants nothing to do with the murder. At the end of that same scene, however, Lady Macbeth has managed to manipulate his thoughts, and get him to go through with the murder, Ã¢â¬Å"I have given suck and know how tender Ã¢â¬â¢tis to love the babe that milks me: I would, while it was smiling in my face, have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done to this.Ã¢â¬ Even though itÃ¢â¬â¢s Lady Macbeth who is in control of events in the play, she too suffers great anxiety after all the terrible things she does. By the end of Act 3, there are signs of her conscious taking over her, with her taking no part in the murder of MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s family, a major plot in Act 4, an act in which she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t feature at all. By the beginning of Act 5, Lady Macbeth starts to sleepwalk, and give away everything that her and Macbeth have plotted and done, Ã¢â¬Å"The Thane of Fife had a wife. Where is she now? What, will these hands neÃ¢â¬â¢er be clean?Ã¢â¬ This adds dramatic effect to the end of a scene to keep the audience interested in the play, and offers a different perspective on a strong looking character. Macbeth is the main character of the play, and is probably the most interesting character to analyse. We first see Macbeth in the first half of Act 1, where he is a military hero, with no real ambition but to do the best he can for his country. Throughout Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, we see him manipulated by his wife and murder his way to kingship, sometimes against his will, but other times, such as when MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s family are murdered, there is no mention of outside influence. Although it seems like it is Lady Macbeth who is in command of what happens to potential threats and Macbeth, she never actually commits any of the murders herself. This could suggest that she knew what consequences could come from the beginning, and wanted it to be on MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s shoulders, not hers, however, she also suffers from mental illness due to the murders later on in the play. During his transition from hero to hated villain, we see how much Macbeth is plagued by his conscience and the knowledge that what he is doing is wrong, Ã¢â¬Å"We will proceed no further in this business, he hath honoured me of late.Ã¢â¬ There are two factors that prevent his conscience from taking command however, the witches and Lady Macbeth, both of whom he canÃ¢â¬â¢t ignore. As the play progresses, Macbeth struggles to trust anyone, even his wife, who he earlier said was his Ã¢â¬Å"dearest partner of greatnessÃ¢â¬ . This leads to the murder of a lot of people that Macbeth doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t trust, including Banquo, who was his good friend, and ally for a short period of time. Although he is easily manipulated, he can also manipulate other people, depending on who heÃ¢â¬â¢s around, for example, when talking to royalty, or important people, Macbeth could talk in verse, or iambic pentameter. He also had the ability to talk well to Ã¢â¬Å"low-status charactersÃ¢â¬ , such as the Porter or the Murderers, speaking in prose. We also see a different side to Macbeth during his soliloquies, as we see what he is thinking at crucial parts of the play. For example, in Act 5, Scene 5, when he performs his famous Ã¢â¬Å"TomorrowÃ¢â¬ soliloquy, we see an insight into his emotions and feelings about how he feels he has lost his friends and family. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s use of the soliloquies of Macbeth throughout the play creates a unique opportunity for the audience to see a glimpse of what Macbeth is thinking and feeling, creating a better audience response throughout, and maybe giving the audience a chance to feel sorry for Macbeth, before he dies honourably in battle. There are many different techniques that are used throughout the play, and a lot of language in different styles and formats. It is crucial to remember that ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays were written in the 16th Century for the 16th Century, not for us to read in a book 400 years later. Shakespeare uses lots of imagery in his plays, which was crucial for an audience of that time, as the play was only performed on stage with no special effects, (apart from the occasional trap doorÃ¢â¬ ¦) so the use of imagery in the play allowed the audience to get a better picture on what was happening in the play. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to use both iambic pentameter and prose makes Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ stand out, because you are given a chance to see the intelligence of characters such as Macbeth, who use both iambic pentameter, Ã¢â¬Å"To know my deed, Ã¢â¬â¢twere best not know my selfÃ¢â¬ and prose, Ã¢â¬Å"I did so, and went further, which is now the point of second meeting.Ã¢â¬ The language that Shakespeare chooses to use is also crucial to understanding the relationships between characters, such as Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. In the early scenes, the two use iambic pentameter when talking to eachother, which shows a trust and understanding between them. However, in the later scenes, this trust is broken, and the language used in the scenes containing these characters reflects that as their consciences start to eat away at them, Ã¢â¬Å"Out, damned spot! Out, I say! One, two. Why then Ã¢â¬â¢tis time to doÃ¢â¬â¢t?Ã¢â¬ Stagecraft was of up most importance when the play was performed in the 16th century (and now) as the play was never meant to be read, just performed. With limited equipment/effects, it was difficult to produce a play that was easy to perform on stage, however, Shakespeare wrote his plays in such a way that they grabbed the attention of the audience whilst being simple to perform at the same time. A particularly good example of stagecraft is the witchesÃ¢â¬â¢ dance from the beginning of Act 4, Ã¢â¬Å"Double, double told and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.Ã¢â¬ This is particularly effective, as it can be performed easily on stage, but it also grabs the attention of the audience to keep them interested. Also, because it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t require any spectacular effects, it could be performed fairly easily in 16th century Britain. Because the play is limited to a number of acts/scenes, it was necessary for Shakespeare to either miss out sections mentioned in Holinshed entirely or edit them to make them more performable. A good example of this is the final battle between Macbeth and Macduff. According to the Holinshed Chronicles, Macbeth tried to flee from his castle, but got caught by Macduff and killed. In Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢, the whole scene takes place at the castle. This allows the scene to be performed whole on stage, so there is no loss of tension between scenes, and it makes it easier and cheaper to perform, because less sets are required and it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t as broken up. In reality, MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s reign over Scotland lasted 17 years before he was killed, however, this would have been inappropriate for a play of this length, so Shakespeare had to narrow his reign down to only a few months. This helped the performance, because it made it much more dramatic, creating a better audience response. Settings of the play also had to be narrowed down, due to time, cost and convenience on stage. For example, in reality, there was lots more English involvement, and Shakespeare only covers a very small scene in England. This is because the play is explained well enough without the English scene, so it was un-necessary to add more scenes which werenÃ¢â¬â¢t needed. After having the chance to study the play from both the book and movie, itÃ¢â¬â¢s clearer what limitations Shakespeare had. For example, in a film, special effects can be added, and more scenes made available in the production. On stage however, there are more limitations, for example, when Birnam Wood Ã¢â¬ËmovesÃ¢â¬â¢ towards Dunsinane Castle, effects can be added in a film, but on stage you are limited to basic props and no additional technology. This changes how the audience interprets the story, because you get a better idea of how it was from a movie, with more advanced editing, compared to watching it how it was probably performed originally on stage, In conclusion, there are various ways in which the Holinshed Chronicles are adapted to make an entertaining piece of theatre, but in my opinion there are a few key points. Firstly, I think that Ã¢â¬ËMacbethÃ¢â¬â¢ has been so entertaining and successful, because there was already an interesting plot and opportunity to impress the current king. Secondly, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s use of iambic pentameter and prose makes the language of the play very interesting and it is clever how the information in Holinshed is twisted, manipulated and made more dramatic to create a very entertaining piece of theatre.
Monday, July 29, 2019
The Issues of Unmarried Cohabitation Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
The Issues of Unmarried Cohabitation - Assignment Example Hence, going by the implicit ramifications of the California Community Property Law, Graves is entitled to all claims that arose in the light of her having a marital relationship with Ennis. 2. Even if Graves and Ennis had both been male unmarried cohabitants who had been living together for the past seven years, had commingled their properties and had life insurance policies naming each other as beneficiaries, Graves still had a cause of action for NIED because there still existed an express and implied-in-fact contract between them if one goes by the intent and spirit of Marvin vs. Marvin, amply corroborated and sanctified by the action of Graves comingling his property with Ennis, and Ennis naming him as beneficiary in his life insurance policy. Hence, principally speaking Graves did suffer a loss of consortium, irrespective of him and Ennis being males. Moreover, varied legal provisions in California, like The California Family Rights Act, extend similar protections to the same-sex domestic partners as they extend to heterosexual couples. 1. Yes, California has indeed adopted a paradoxical position towards the rights of unmarried couples by extending those rights in the contract, but not in tort. In Marvin vs. Marvin, the honourable court did agree that there existed an express an implied-in-fact contract between the same sex cohabiting couples. If the economic ramifications of the decision in Marvin vs. Marvin extended a financial validity to the relationship between the same sex cohabiting couples, it is but natural to arrive at the premise that in an emotive context, there does is some sort of relationship of emotional dependency between the unmarried cohabiting couples. However, in Elden vs. Sheldon, the California court instead of extending the Marvin decision in an emotional sphere and consequently in the sphere of tort, rather declared any claim for loss of consortium as inapplicable in the case of committed but not married partners, thereby causing much confusion and ambiguity.Ã Ã
Sunday, July 28, 2019
Tom's of Maine toothpaste 4 P's of marketing - Research Paper Example omÃ¢â¬â¢s of MaineÃ¢â¬â¢s business, these include general concepts or ideas about everything in business, including its products and their prices and place or distribution, and promotional activities. In the creation of their products, TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine included the idea of values and quality standards. This is clear from the words of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine claims support leader and natural standards advocate, Pam Scheeler, saying, Ã¢â¬Å"At TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine, we believe one thing that makes our products good is how we make them. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why weÃ¢â¬â¢ve always been committed to high quality standards and never use artificial colors, flavours, fragrances, preservatives or animal testing. You deserve the peace of mind that comes with knowing the products you choose not only work, but also share your valuesÃ¢â¬ (TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine, 2015). Tantamount to the quality standards of their products, TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine chooses to highlight the importance of research and choosing the best ingredients of their products that will adhere to the values or specific requirements for the health safety of their potential customers. This is the area where they have created a un ique specialty for their product offerings, particularly in its segment for toothpaste. Ã¢â¬Å"Our customers prefer the fresh, natural taste and smell of herbs, fruits, and flowers (no fragrance added).Ã¢â¬ , as stated in TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of MaineÃ¢â¬â¢s website. This means that TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of MaineÃ¢â¬â¢s potential customers are looking forward to what is healthy and natural choice of toothpaste. Considering that it has highly specialized its products like toothpaste, it is also implied that the firm sets a remarkably special price for it. In some reviews of the price of its products, some customers find the price point to be high. Considering that TomÃ¢â¬â¢s of Maine is maximizing profitability, skimming as a pricing strategy particularly on its specialized toothpastes has become its wide option in order to deliberately achieve its goals towards
Saturday, July 27, 2019
Your definition of wisdom and how is that can be connected to Allegory the cave by macvalley and where do you see the wisdom in that story - Essay Example To me, wisdom is a different concept, distinct from the mere process of merely acquiring knowledge. Thus, I see wisdom as understanding oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self and the value of freedom as well as the ability to apply theories into practice through oneÃ¢â¬â¢s virtues. The Allegory of the Cave, which is part of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s classic work, The Republic, offers a wise and profound illustration of the concept of wisdom through the thoughts of Aristotle, the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s teacher and mentor. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s wisdom becomes highlighted throughout the story but there are occasions where is gets accentuated by the way he presents his philosophy. One of the most significant indicators in this context is AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s reference to the significance of the soul over the body. He perceives the journey upwards from the cave as the Ã¢â¬Å"ascend of the soul into the intellectual worldÃ¢â¬ and not as a physical escape from bondage (P.3 S/1). Thus, Plato intends to connote the idea that the soul is the essence that can liberate humans and, on the other hand, the body focuses on superficial matters such as trivial comforts. Postulation of such a profound idea in the story is an example of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s wisdom. AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s contention is that the prisoners acquiesce themselves to confinement in the cave on the presumption that it is a safe and comfortable place because they lack virtues, due to which they do not value their freedom. Thus, if a person attempts to escape from the cave and is blinded by sunlight they will ridicule him and say that it is Ã¢â¬Å"better not to think of ascendingÃ¢â¬ and, thus, due to their lack of wisdom, the prisoner community will put to death the one who attempts to differ (Plato p 517). By this allusion, Plato attempts to emphasize that generally people lack the faculty of wisdom and thus fail to recognize their honor and virtues. For them, the minor comforts in life, in this case, a sense of security that the prisoners feel inside the cave, are more important than the dignity
Friday, July 26, 2019
Assessment for learning - Essay Example During learning for assessment sessions, students are communicated of what is expected from them to deliver and how they can produce quality work in their lives to complete different developmental stages in their careers (Black & William, 1998). Assessments for learning also enables the teacher to communicate to the student, any misconceptions that the student might have pertaining to different aspects in an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life and how these misconceptions would lead to gaps in information that might effect decision making skills. As the process of learning goes on, the teacher identifies any gaps present in the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge pertaining to life events and the decision-making skills. As a result, techniques to cover those gaps are identified by the teachers and incorporated into the assessment plan for students. These techniques improve the overall results of the assessment and produce pupils with enhanced decision-making and knowledge processing students (Black et al., 2003). The question, which arises here, is that why are assessments for learning so critical for the rest of studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ lives. Apparently, teachers found themselves as being responsible for the pupilÃ¢â¬â¢s life and career and for that reason they held themselves responsible for the quality of conduct that a student might adopt in future life. In this manner, students are prepared to be professional in their relationships with the colleagues, kind in relationships with their family and spouses and down to earth in their social lifestyle (Black et al., 2003). Teachers ensure that students are achieving good progress and results from the assessment methods applied by the teachers. Teachers might carry out following activities in order to promote good progress and results delivered by students: By establishing high expectations from students,
Thursday, July 25, 2019
Monitoring Our Home Planet - Essay Example Other short term potential impacts include disruption of transport and communication links, contaminated water supplies, destruction of built landscape; landslides may occur and fires damaging woodland areas. In the long term, earthquakes may result into diseases and displacement of people. There may be loss of human and natural landmarks. We can hence infer that earthquake leads to soil liquefaction, fires, avalanches and landslides, shaking and ground rapture, floods and even tsunami (Coen, 2012). On the other hand, tsunamis have potential impacts on earth too, for example, tsunamis cause mass destruction to the environment and human settlements. Tsunami is also associated with long term effects such as damage and destruction, injury, death loss of millions in dollars, and psychological problems. Although the initial tsunami effects are usually publicized across the world via media, actual effects continue in the affected areas for many years after tsunami strikes (Hyndman & Hyndma n, 2009). Finally the volcanoes, this natural phenomenon is also associated with adverse potential impacts in affected areas. For example, volcanoes destroy buildings, houses, roads, and transport and communication links. Volcanic eruptions are also associated with both short-term and long-term hazards. ... These natural phenomena, earthquake, tsunami, and volcanoes, are often monitored all over the world through the internet and people access information about occurrence of any of them via news media and social sites. For example, volcanoes are monitored through a global inventory of active volcanoes, warning systems of volcanic activity, seismic and eruption information, and progressively forecasting of volcanic activity on longer timescales. Earthquakes are also monitored in a similar manner. Occurrence of earthquakes is recorded by seismometers to great distances; this is because seismic waves travel in the entire interior of the earth. During monitoring, the absolute magnitude of earthquake is reported conventionally by numbers on the scale of moment magnitude, also referred to as Richter scale. A magnitude of 7 is reported and is known to cause serious damage over large regions. On the other hand, the felt magnitude is often monitored and reported using the modified Mercalli inten sity scale and it reports intensities ranging between 2 to 7 (Bendick, 1980). Tsunami is monitored too; in the recent past, seismic activities that cause tsunami has been monitored under the sea and has made it possible to anticipate when tsunamis will occur. There has been warning system developed for reasons of monitoring the occurrence of tsunami recently. Sensors have been put in the oceans in order to detect seismic activity. This monitors any increment in seismic activity which is the major cause of tsunami. The whole monitoring process is automated and can be about two minutes before seismic sensors detect any movement and relays a message via computers which activates an alert system (Wilkers, 1990). Ideally, these
Wednesday, July 24, 2019
Peter's farmer shop - Essay Example Geography The location of the business is at Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, to be exact. He wants to exploit local culture and appropriate tourist base (Bangs, 2002, 102). Marketing Mix Product Peter at first wants to sell vegetables boxes to his potential customers then he has planned to develop new products that he can use to penetrate farmers markets and especially food festivals where the level of sales might have an incline. These products might be in form of food and drinks. Pricing Having the low price is unprofitable since the client does not care about pricing as a businessman thinks; therefore Peter should have average prices and compete on quality products and services for example transportation services e.t.c. He also should be able to prepare credit policies for potential customers. Promotion The question that Peter is going to ask is how will the word get out to the customers? Peter can use two types of promotion which are personal selling and advertising. Advertising in th e sense that when he takes his products to the farmers market he can put up a stand and use banners to describe and differentiate the types of products he is offering. For example if he is selling fruits and vegetables, he might have pictorial messages that display these goods so that even customers are far from his stand, they can be able to tell the kinds of products that are sold by him. Personal selling comes in handy when customers want to know how these products can be used apart from the mere fact of edibility. He may also use other forms of promotion for example; Ã¢â¬Ëtrade concertÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËcataloguesÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëseller incentivesÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËadvertisementÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ënetwork of professionals or friendsÃ¢â¬â¢ depending on his promotional budget. Place: We know that Peter wants a location that is local to him which is within West Yorkshire. So before he chooses a location for his business he needs to think about what he wants and needs in a location and its effect on clients. He should ask himself the following questions prior to the previous statement. -Is his location important to his customers? If yes, why? Peter should choose a convenient location in terms of distance to the place of business; therefore he should research on what the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ needs and wants are, compare it to his business product wise and choose the best location. Ease of accessibility to consumers. -Is it consistent with his image? Image is everything. It distinguishes one business from another. Peter should choose a location that portrays his image and the image of his soon to be business. If the image and the purpose of the business are different, Peter might end up losing important consumers. -Where is the competition located? Near or distant? The best location of competitors for him should be distant. This is to curb poaching of consumers by the competition which is River ford organic farm. The idea here is to retain customers as well as getting new ones. Market Place Customers Peter should be able to identify his target customers, their needs and wants and their geographical locations. He must analyze the end consumer so as to be able to formulate different customer groups which will guide him when he is constructing a demographic profile of them which includes the following:- Age Peter should identify different age groups and what kind of products they prefer. Gender Each gender prefers specific products. It is the work of
The big brother - Essay Example We had realized this basic fact even centuries ago. An authority to rule and regularize is a must for the very survival of a society. All the systems which do not own such a surveillance arrangement will get only history of failure. Either other forces win over them or they perish by themselves. Realizing the unavoidable role of an administrative authority, we are pursuing the search for finding good models. Many options are developed, but still difficult to point out a perfect one. Developing new models, facing problems when they are attempted practically, trying for other forms- this set of activities is a continuing process. It is not sure whether we can reach a completely foolproof system. Anyway the necessity of administrative systems makes it relevant to continue with the discussions and studies on this topic. Different administrative systems are having different features. On common points different systems may have contradictory approaches also. There will be people to support both the approaches. So it is difficult to rate administrative systems and differentiate as good or bad. The only thing one can do is to compare and explain merits and demerits of each and all systems. We can name enough administrative forms like democracy, imperialism and autocracy. But when we start discussing about one particular system it is quite sure to think about other systems also. Of course, in such thoughts and discussions some terms also will be so common. Big Brother is one among the very important and popular term in these sorts of studies. For so long the term is in use among students of administrative systems. The term Big Brother was used first by George Orwell in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. (books.google.co.in/bookshl=en&id=yxv1LK5gyV4C&dq=big+brother&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=ol68A61VMb&sig=yu_lbdDeMTS6kHyAZDugrC6KE6M&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result#PPA1,M1). Big Brother is being presented as the all powerful dictator of Oceania state. Oceania is a totalitarian state where the ruling party is all important and superior to all other power centers and individuals of the state. It is observed that everybody is under the surveillance of Big Brother all the time. Even a phrase "Big Brother is watching you" developed as an after effect. It is not clear from the novel whether Big Brother was a real man or not. But the Party presents Big Brother as a real leader and one important one among the founder leaders of it. He is considered to be the leader of revolution also. O'Brien, a character in the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four explains the cause which led to the development of Big Brother concept. According to O'Brien the aim of the Party is to gain power. It is not planning to create a heaven on earth. But need power only. The Party after capturing power is bothered only of remaining power, says O'Brien. To capture power they are thinking of bringing changes in the mindset of people. Make them stay off from enjoyments in life and Party believes that through this society also will undergo a change which will be favorable to the Party. If it is possible to bring this change in the society, the Party leaders hope that they capture power. Such a society will not have any good qualities like mercy or love. It will be a society with no space for art, literature or even science. Absence of such areas will give birth to such a situation in which people won't be having much topics other than party to think of.
Tuesday, July 23, 2019
Individual Supporting Contributions to Group Presentation on Rabobank - Assignment Example Worldwide Rabobank is the leading supporter of agriculture and food with over five hundred and ninety three international offices in thirty countries. The bank leads with eighty-five percent shares in food and agriculture in Netherlands. In terms of liquidity and capital, the bank position has remained strong for the past five years. In 2012 financial year, Rabobank core tier 1 capital and Tier 1 capital increased slightly in comparison to financial year 2008. Notionally, the structural design in a company refers to the responsibilities, formal roles and methods of reporting. Structural design influences the sources of a firm advantage in regards to knowledge management. Failure to change the structures can lead to serious undermining of strategy implementation. Good structures are not sufficient for success. In regards to the current structure of Rabobank, it is believed to be a matrix structure. A matrix structure consists of structure that take geographical divisions and form of product or divisional and structural structures operating in cycle. The divisions of Rabobank group are different with sovereign decision being made by their own panel of directors. Branches are different in types of produce, services offered, and the market to provide these services and product. Organizational units in different branches provide services and product that deals with mortgages, asset management, equity participation, investment banking, loans and saving and leasing ( Clay 2007, pg 38). Every organizational unit has a management team that is responsible for budget in areas of their operations such as exploitative innovations and pursuing exploratory. In addition, organizational units in each branch operate in trade with different levels of competitiveness and environmental dynamism a state neces sary to observe units pursue different new activities. There are several advantages of matrix structure. They
Monday, July 22, 2019
Self-esteem and Teen Girl Flips Essay Sixteen year old Fathima looks at herself in the mirror. She studies her body along with her face and thinks she is extremely ugly. She looks at the television and a popular celebrity appears on the screen with a beautiful face and body. She compares that person to how she looks. She says to herself, Why am I so ugly? Why am I so fat? I want to be beautiful! Good day to one and all. My topic for today Ã¢â¬Å"Celebrities and how they impact on teenagers lives. Living in a technological era, we have access to the tabloids more than ever before. There are television sets, magazine covers, Internet blogs, and movies screaming to be read and watched. When a life of parties, short-term relationships, drugs, and alcohol are leading celebrities like Britney, Paris, and Justin to spiral out of control, you would think that their lifestyle is not ideal. But, fans of these stars disagree. Now, in an age where we have more contact with celebrity gossip than we have ever had, we are faced with a question: what are the effects that superstars have on our youth? . Every day there are more and more stories and pictures on the Internet of the illicit activities of celebrities. Teens see these people partying, drinking alcohol or doing drugs, and they think they should too. This sends the message to teens that in order to have fun or be cool, you have to use these substances. Teens may begin to think that it is no big deal, and this can cause serious problems leading to drug and alcohol addictions, risk-taking behaviors, and even death. The use and abuse of drugs and alcohol is not the only dangerous celebrity influence for teens. Some of the most common problems that occur are issues with self-esteem for teens, especially teen girls. When a teen girl flips through her favourite fashion magazine, she is inundated with pictures and articles revolving around the erroneous belief that celebrities are perfect. The air-brushed pictures, workout and diet tips, and pin-thin models can cause body images issues for teens. In trying to make themselves look like the pictures that they see, teens can cause real damage to their bodies. Working out too much or not eating enough can lead to an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia. Many teens are like Fathima are strongly affected by celebrities. Popular celebrities are always shown on the covers of magazines and on television for teens to view. They look glamorous and beautiful, causing teens to want to be like them. Many teenagers look up to these role models but most of these popular beauties affect teens negatively. They go through extreme measures to become thin and are afraid of gaining weight. Teens also think that by becoming thin they will look beautiful and become popular. Many teens have low self esteem and become quickly swayed by the celebrities looks. So many times they forget that they are beautiful the way they are. They want to look perfect. Either their nose is too big or theyre not skinny enough. These small imperfections cause teens to look at the celebrities and envy them. They strive to lose that extra kilos, but end up losing more than enough. If something cannot be done to make that tiny imperfection better, it leads to dangers, such as suicide. Teens should appreciate the way they look already and be grateful. Many children who face hardship and live with poverty arent even able to look Ã¢â¬Ëcool if they wanted to. While it is almost impossible to completely remove any negative celebrity influence from your life, you can lessen the effects of celebrities and the media by seeking out positive role models in real life who you can aspire to be like. Try to find people who exhibit qualities you would like to have, such as honesty, optimism and perseverance. It can also be helpful to try to take the focus off of your appearance as much as possible. Remember, that you are not defined by what you look like. What really makes up a person is how you act and treat other people. Thank you.
Sunday, July 21, 2019
The Problems Of Reintegration Criminology Essay A large number of the people who are released from prison are incarcerated again within a short period of time. Ex-prisoners confront many problems in the effort to be reintegrated into society. These problems include a lack of social support, inability to gain access to vital resources and services, the resistance of the community, lack of education, and lack of adequate job preparation. These factors make it difficult for ex-prisoners to adjust to life in the community and thereby increase the risk that they will return to a life of crime. There are certain things that prison ministers can do to help prisoners make a successful transition to life on the outside. Prison ministers can be involved in programs that help prepare prisoners through education and training. Ministers can provide prisoners with support during the reentry process. In addition, they can build relationships in the community that serve as bridges for prisoners when they make the change from life in prison to lif e in the general population. Prison ministers can also help prisoners reintegrate by tending to their spiritual needs. Prison provides a place for offenders to pay their debt to society by being punished for the crimes they have committed. Ideally, prison will rehabilitate offenders so they can be reintegrated into society after being released. The alternative to reintegration is for prisoners to return to a life of crime. Ex-prisoners face many challenges in the effort to achieve successful reentry into society. Some of these challenges are related to the material things that people need in order to survive. Released prisoners often find it difficult to obtain jobs, housing and the other necessities of life. Other challenges are related to a lack of social support. In order to be effectively reintegrated into society, ex-prisoners need positive forms of support and encouragement from family members, friends or others in the community. This paper will examine the potential problems that might occur during reintegration after prison. The paper will emphasize the perspective of the prison minister. The re are several things that prison ministers can do to help prisoners make the transition to community life after their release. The Problems Associated with Reintegration In the United States, nearly 700,000 people are released from prison each year (Hesse, 2009). It has been estimated that as many as 75 percent of these people will be incarcerated again within four years after their release (Rabey, 1999). This is a problem known as recidivism. One reason for the high rate of recidivism is because many ex-prisoners lack social support. For example, during long prison terms, offenders often lose contact with family members. This is problematic because contact with family members is believed to facilitate reintegration into the community (Lynch Sabol, 2001, p. 2). If ex-prisoners do not have the caring support of family members, they need to be able to get social support from a different source, such as friends, a community-based support group, or a church fellowship. A lack of support often leads to ex-prisoners associating with their former friends in the criminal world. In the words of Hesse (2009), because many released inmates will not have solid attachments to family or community, they will most likely return to old neighborhoods where their very presence may threaten to disrupt their success (p. 64). Further difficulties are raised by feelings of fear and discrimination among the members of the community. Communities are often resistant to the presence of ex-prisoners because of their concerns for public safety (Lynch Sabol, 2001). When ex-prisoners arrive in the community, they do so with criminal labels that limit their ability to secure housing, treatment services, and employment (Pogorzelski, et al., 2005, p. 1718). Clearly, ex-prisoners will not be able to reintegrate into society unless they are able to obtain jobs that provide them with enough income to support themselves. In addition to the difficulty of obtaining a job because of the criminal label, there may be competition between returning prisoners and welfare leavers for jobs (Lynch Sabol, 2001, p. 19). Furthermore, ex-prisoners are often forced to take low-paying, low-skill jobs. As noted by Lynch Sabol (2001), the low pay of these jobs enhances the possibility that involvement in illegitimate, income-producing a ctivities will increase (p. 19). Former inmates face these kinds of challenges despite the passage of the federal law known as the Second Chance Act of 2005. The purpose of this legislation is to ensure that ex-prisoners receive the services that they need when they reenter society. According to the findings in a study by Pogorzelski, et al. (2005), the Second Chance Act has done little to alleviate the challenges faced by former prisoners in the effort to gain access to housing, public assistance and other necessary resources. These researchers have found that there are invisible punishments built into the policies and programs that are supposed to help ex-prisoners reintegrate into society. For example, local laws often place limitations on the ability of former prisoners to fill out job applications, acquire housing or receive public assistance. As stated by Pogorzelski, et al. (2005), these laws are, in effect, exclusionary public policies that regulate reentry experiences and, in essence, perpetuate punishment after release by assigning special conditions or bans on people with felony convictions (p. 1718). As claimed by Hesse (2009), many will return to crime to support themselves because accessibility to social services and other supports may not be available (p. 64). Another reason why reintegration efforts often fail is because offenders do not receive the preparation that they need when they are still in prison. Many people in prison have problems involving such things as mental illness or substance abuse (Pogorzelski, et al., 2005). The prison system does not provide adequate treatment for these kinds of problems. In addition, prisoners do not generally receive the kind of job training that they need in order to be able to succeed in outside life. As noted by Lynch Sobel (2001), a large number of released prisoners reenter society not having participated in educational, vocational, or pre-release programs (p. 2). The lack of education and job training contributes to the high recidivism rate among ex-prisoners. There is evidence showing that prisoners tend to be far less educated than the general population (Hesse, 2009, p. 64). For ex-prisoners, a lack of education and training can mean a low-paying job or no job at all. This, in turn, increa ses the risk of released prisoners failing to achieve reintegration into the community and returning to a life of crime. Prison Ministry and Reintegration Prison ministers can play an important role in helping prisoners prepare for life after their release. For example, ministers can arrange for prisoners to receive job training or educational services. Ministers can also help prisoners make the transition to community life by being supportive and caring. However, prisoners need more than this in order to succeed in the reintegration process. Regarding the limits of prison ministry, McRoberts (2002) notes that spirituality may help people survive the hardships and absurdities of incarceration, but life on the outside poses a radically different existential challenge (p. 2). Rabey (1999) agrees that prison ministers need to place more emphasis on aftercare and the reintegration of prisoners into communities and churches after their release (p. 27). A problem is created by the fact that many church members are resistant to the idea of providing large amounts of assistance to former prisoners (McRoberts, 2002, p. 7). To address this probl em, prison ministers need to work at building relationships with community ministers and to thereby strengthen the bridge between prison life and community life. Prison ministers also have a vital role to play in helping prisoners adjust themselves spirituality to what life will be like after their release. As Rabey (1999) points out, prison ministries have shifted their attention from punishment to redemption, and from retributive justice to restorative justice' (p. 27). In order to achieve successful reintegration, prisoners need to experience a sense of healing and restoration. Conclusion As discussed in this paper, various factors create challenges for ex-prisoners in their effort to be reintegrated into society. These factors include a lack of social support, community resistance, the inability to get a decent job, lack of access to necessary services, and a low level of education. The challenges faced by ex-prisoners greatly increase the risk of recidivism. Prison ministries can play a role in helping ex-prisoners make a successful transition to community life. Prison ministers can help prepare prisoners for life on the outside while they are still in prison. They can work with community ministers to provide a bridge to life on the outside. They can make efforts to be sure that ex-prisoners will receive the resources and social support that they need to survive in the community. In addition, prison ministers can contribute to the reintegration process by tending to the spiritual needs of prisoners as they prepare for their reentry into society.
Role of the Media in Political Conflict Resolution An Analysis of the MediaÃ¢â¬â¢s role in Political Conflict ResolutionÃ Abwino Kumchenga CHAPTER THREEÃ III. METHODOLOGY The study was aimed at analyzing the role that the media can play in efforts to resolve conflicts incited by politicians. It was based on the Libertarian theory ofÃ Ã CommunicationÃ to vary what the media has to do in times when the conflict has risen to try to bring about mutual understanding among the various groups that may not be in good terms at a particular moment. Studies were conducted that involved people working in the media sector both private as well as public media houses including the actual people affected by such conflicts on the ground. Theoretical Framework This research was centered on media houses and personalities role in resolving political conflicts through their various ways that they can play in the process of resolving such conflicts, therefore it will focus on the communication theory of Libertarianism. Media has absolute freedom of expression, media as a watchdog, the pressÃ¢â¬â¢ attacks on government policies are accepted and even encouraged but it is accountable (Roderick Long: philosopher). Other studies have shown how the state abuses the broadcasting sector in Malawi especially the two state broadcasting entities, MBC radios 1, 2 and Television, situations that eventually lead to political confusion as it is the norm among the different parties that have so far run the Malawi government. This development has seen to it that the state broadcaster usually becomes the mouthpiece for the party ruling the country at any particular time. This has been observed through the kinds of programming and how the content in such progr ams is perceived by the public. However, private media houses are not exempted in this matter, as far as the state broadcaster has to a larger extent been pro government in terms of programming, there have been others that have been highly anti government and have done their work to address political needs of opposition parties that are either affiliated to such stations or simply because the general public has in mind the fact that even if they may try to approach the public broadcaster for political advertisement, they cannot be treated just the same as private media houses can. Ã¢â¬Å"The obstacles facing journalism in Malawi are many, but by far the largest problem is that of political interference in the work of the media. Politicians currently control over 90% of MalawiÃ¢â¬â¢s media. The sole television station is state-owned and is very much under the control of politicians from the political party in power. Not surprisingly, the news content on TV Malawi is biased towards the ruling party. For example, the station runs a weekly programme called Ã¢â¬Å"Know your Member of ParliamentÃ¢â¬ . Ever since it started last July, only MPs from the party in power have been featured, though the present Malawi Parliament has about the same number of MPs on the ruling side as in the opposition. The national radio station is worse. On it, low key party functionaries from the ruling side are allowed to castigate their opponents and glorify the Head of State. Opposition parties are not allowed a similar chance, thereby denying them the right to reply.Ã¢â¬ (Kumwe nda, 1999)Ã All this should not be part of METHODOLY. FindÃ another section appropriate for this information. Am thinkingÃ LituratureÃ Review. Type of Design and the Assumptions that underlie it This study was based on qualitative research design and partly utilized the quantitative method to achieve the results of the case under study. It was the researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s assumption that since the study was on the role that can be played, it highly involved views of such personalities from different media houses like Zodiak Broadcasting StationÃ¢â¬â¢s political department, former employees of the Malawi Broadcasting Corporation, and on the other hand were some employees from Blantyre Newspapers Limited. Not only were the views of such personalities utilized but also the views from the public at a selected site in Lilongwe Rural for validation purposes to the expected results. It is in this line that the quantitative research approach found its sole importance in the study as it was used to vary the figures arrived at in the process of coming up with the results through the various interviews that were conducted. Role of the Researcher The researcher is a qualified personality as far as conducting of this study was concerned. The main role of the researcher was to find out through this study, the role that the media can play in the process of political conflict resolution in regard to the fact that it is through the media that different political parties voice out their ideas to the public. Hence the media has a better stand when it comes to contact with such people and can be the right choice for intervention on political conflicts or misunderstandings. It should be noted that the researcher conducted this study as a partial fulfillment for obtaining a Bachelor of Arts degree in Mass Communication at the African Bible College. The researcher assumes that the people who were interviewed or asked to fill prepared questionnaires gave the necessary information since they were believed to be professionals in the field. And also the other group that was questioned from the general public was also expected to give the de sired information as they are the ones affected mostly by the issues that arise due to the misunderstandings that the main players in the political arena undertake. Selection and Description of the Study Sites and Participants The researcher intends to conduct structured interviews, at the highest level of the interviewees were several media house personalities in a bid to collect the necessary data for the study. The other level of interviews will be in a form of Questionnaires that will be prepared to collect data from groups with varying ages at Church level at KaningÃ¢â¬â¢a CCAP in area 47. This is the way most of the data was collected through peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in their responses to the questionnaires. The age groups were structured in terms of youths and adults and their gender inclusive, in order to determine the impact that the work of Journalists, media houses and the main players the politicians themselves that they have incited which has led to conflicts. Data Collection Strategies The interviews were conducted with different media house personalities ranging from those with Radio and Television work experience with private and state run stations to print media personalities to share their experiences in their work. Such data together with the data that was collected through the questionnaires that were produced and handed out to different age groups at KaningÃ¢â¬â¢a CCAP Church formed the largest part of the data for this research. The data collected from the people at the church was treated as first hand information from the public itself hence not only getting the facts from the media itself but also those people on whom all those actions determined by politicians and the media falls on, that is those that get affected by the decisions made by those with the power to speak out in whatever way they can through the media, be it through the Radio, Television and also the print media and in this case the newspaper in particular. Data Analysis Strategies To analyze the data that was collected, SPSS statistical software will be utilized, in addition to that, Microsoft Excel will also be used to assess the findings. Basing on the outcomes of the findings, the researcher dwelt much on analyzing and eventually interpreting the data as collected from the respondents both at the highest and the second level of interviews. It is from the analysis of the collected data that conclusions will be made about the opinions and facts as heard from the respondents through the interviews and questionnaires that were prepared in the course of conducting this study. Methods of Achieving Validity To prove the validity of the data collected in this study, the statistical software used in this research (SPSS), (Microsoft Excel) will be fed with the data. After feeding the computer software with the information, it will therefore with its capability prove whether the collected data will be valid or not, be it in terms of its collection or the approaches used to arrive at the desired data in this process.Ã Sort out your margin for this section REFERENCES Kumwenda Peter(1999). Politics and the Media in Southern Africa. Durbun, South Africa.Ã Konrad Adenaeur Foundation. CHAPTER FIVEÃ V. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION Discussion In this section, the researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s emphasis is on the incorporation of what other writers have written about in their books and papers as recorded by the researcher in the literature review section of this study with the information that was found and decisions arrived at in the process of data collection for this study. From the responses given both by the general public as well as the people from the different media houses with regard to the guiding question that the researcher had in mind when conducting this study;Ã which was:Ã Ã WhatÃ role can the media in Lilongwe play in times of political conflictÃ toÃ helpÃ resoluseÃ mattersÃ ?. It has been the researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s observation from the responses that yes there is a role that the media can play in trying to resolve conflicts among politicians and also help to avoid inciting conflicts. The general public touched on areas like being biased and not reporting fairly as some of the issues roaming around the media circle which brings about misunderstandings and confusion among the general public but the people themselves hoped that things can change for the better if the media practitioners can conduct themselves in a proper manner and also through fair means of reporting whatever they may be expected to report. Looking at what the media practitioners themselves commented when they were given a chance to speak about this topic, most of them indicated that indeed there are several roles that the media is expected to play in times when conflicts among politicians arise and they further talked about what they can even do to avoid such issues from emanating within the society because of their influence. Most of the respondents that participated were people with Radio, Television, and Print experience, these were media practitioners from the Malawi Broadcasting Corporation, Zodiak Broadcasting Station, Nkhoma Radio Station and Blantyre Print and Packaging Limited. The practitioners were most ly in agreement with each other in terms of their comments, for example the issue of reporting without taking sides and regardless of any political affiliation. This is in line with what others have written before as indicated in the literature review as Puddephatt (2006) in hisÃ Voices of War:Ã Conflict and the role of the mediaÃ book writes Ã¢â¬Å" in addition to the representation of the groups they are reporting on Ã¢â¬â in this case parties to the conflict Ã¢â¬â journalists also present their own views and interestsÃ¢â¬ , from that it has to be noted that media practitioners as human beings also have their say on whatever issues they may come across with but they need to be professional in these issues and that implies reporting matters just the way they are as they happen and keep their opinions to themselves. One interesting side that the media practitioners touched on that was related to what is in the literature reviewed by the researcher was about consulting the media ethics and code of conduct first which is a challenge for most journalists practicing their services in a country where politicians own some of the media houses. Nymnjoh (2005) in his book,Ã AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s Media, Democracy and the Politics of BelongingÃ added that in Southern Africa it is particularly true of Malawi, where most of the so-called independent papers that were established before the 1994 elections Ã¢â¬Ëare privately owned by opposition parties, the state, government ministers or other politicians in their personal capacitiesÃ¢â¬â¢, with the sole aim of smearing political rivals. This development may be a good one but very tricky for someone working with such media houses owned by politicians because the people in politics may indeed in some instances influence their workers in this case journalists inclusive to write or broadcast that which is of interest to them hence promoting hate journalism. In situations as such it is very crucial for an individu al working in such kind of media to stick to the codes of ethics and conduct but the issue seems to be very different with regard to Malawi where most of the times others have just given in to the needs of their bosses. The researcher was of the view that this may be so sometimes simply due to the fact that not all of the media personalities may be well trained in these issues, but as a professionally trained journalist, the researcher believes that a journalist without knowledge of the media code of ethics and conduct may not be viewed as aÃ well-trainedÃ practitioner and one who is ready to go into that field. On the other hand, the researcher was of the view that of course they may have undergone such training, but since it is a job and one tries to be submissive to his or her bosses and that is why it is easy to give in and simply do as the boss wishes yet knowing from deep down their hearts that what they are doing is not right. However the researcher thinks that that can a lso be another topic of study on its own if the readers can view it well and deeply think about it. Almost all of the media practitioners that participated in this research took the view of fair reporting, reporting issues just the way they are, without exaggerating and not putting words in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s mouths but just to let the respondents answer the way they want and not to judge things on their own but to leave it up to the audience to come up with conclusions on what they have heard through the media. Conclusion This study was conducted in order to find out the role that the media can play in times when there is already a conflict in the political arena in the city of Lilongwe and what they can do to help resolve such disputes, and specifically it was aimed at getting the views from the members of KaningÃ¢â¬â¢a CCAP church and also various media practitioners from different media houses with a varied range of media experience. The results according to the responses given to the researcher through the questionnaires that were prepared showed that indeed there are several roles that are there that the media can play in trying to resolve conflicts among politicians in Lilongwe. Not only did the general public confirm that the media really stands a better chance to bring about solutions in political conflicts, but the main players, the media practitioners themselves also agreed that indeed to a greater extent there are bigger roles that people in the media can play looking at them as the bridg e between the politicians and the general public. This according to the researcher proved to be a success in itself in that what the researcher was looking for through conducting this study as guided by the main research question came to light through the responses that the people themselves gave. The correlation of the responses from the general public with those from the people practicing their services in the media showed that really there is a lot that the media is expected to work on Recommendations Having conducted the study, collecting the necessary data, analyzing the data and coming up with conclusions basing on the findings in this paper, the researcher however has several recommendations to the various media practitioners and the different media houses in Lilongwe. In as much as everybody has his or her own view in a particular story or event as it may occur, there is a greater need for the people in the media to weigh the issue at hand and present it in a manner that will be appropriate to the audience regardless of their gender, race, occupation and even political affiliation. This will help to prevent cases of violence and not only that but also the media practitioner him or herself may also end up tarnishing their own image in the industry and being someone famous this can also ruin oneÃ¢â¬â¢s career as people will definitely associate that particular individual with such kind of behavior. It should hereby be understood that the role of a journalist is to get informa tion as quick as possible to help boost the stationÃ¢â¬â¢s popularity, but one thing that has to be put into consideration is the fact that putting words in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s mouths is as costly as killing someone, it has to be noted here that should one report something not factual, if the people involved in that story end up not receiving the issue well, then your own words would surely come back to you and be dealt with accordingly. It is therefore of significance to be professional in the conduct of duties as media personalities. Working in the media should never be taken as an act of simply working in order to please oneÃ¢â¬â¢s boss but to work with an aim of serving the needs and aspirations of the intended audience at large. Media bodies that watch the actions of media houses and personalities in general need not to look upon such kind of practitioners and houses that practice their work in manners that are not professional as they are expected. A good example is what the M alawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) is currently doing as the country is drawing closer to this yearÃ¢â¬â¢s tripartite elections, calling upon the general public to report to the body if they suspect that any media houseÃ¢â¬â¢s conduct seems to be leaning towards the interest of specific political parties, that development is a good one since the media would thereby be held accountable for their actions as in accordance with the stipulations of the communication Act. REFERENCES Nyamnjoh Francis B (2005).Ã AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s Media, Democracy and the Politics of Belonging. Pretoria,Ã RSA, UNISA Press. Puddephatt Andrew (2006).Ã Voices of War:Ã Conflict and the role of the media. InternationalÃ Media support.
Saturday, July 20, 2019
Transfer Pricing at Southern Alternatives 1. Cost Based Transfer Price Maintain the status quo within the company. All cost methods require that standard costs be used; therefore each division is encouraged to meet standard cost levels, instead of working around actual costs. This will increase goal congruence. Currently, the price Southern is charging is based on the market but they are running under capacity and had excess inventory. Therefore, Thompson is charging market price even though he is running under capacity. If SouthernÃ¢â¬â¢s VC = 60% then the 40% represents OH and profit. To prevent conflicts in the future it must be clear that variable costs of one division are not actually fixed costs for the whole company. ThompsonÃ¢â¬â¢s VC = $400 some of that could be FC for the whole company. (Align this alternative with RobÃ¢â¬â¢s Analysis). Advantages: increases goal congruence, requires that the vice president perform a routine cost analysis, therefore requires little resources. Southern mostly supplies Northern therefore, a market based system would be difficult due to the intermediate nature of the materials being transferred, adding attractiveness to a cost based system. Disadvantages: will be very difficult to determine what profit markup will be. Northern supplies mostly to outside companies and therefore will require additional resources in his division to price internal sales. The resources needed to work through the complexity of this system might not be justified by such a low volume. Two Step Pricing The standard VC is charged per unit sold then a periodic charge is made equal to the fixed costs associated with the facilities reserved for the buying unit. Since Thompson rarely sells to other divisions this might work because the facilities needed could easily be identified. Advantages: the buying unit would have proper information needed for marketing and long-term decisions Disadvantages: requires that FC be negotiated regularly, since Thompson rarely sells to Northern the resources needed for this negotiation might not be justified. 2. Negotiation Increase communication between divisions. Currently, Northern may not know that Thompson is paying a higher then expected price for the intermediate materials they need from Southern. If Northern was aware of the amount of upstream costs and profit involved internally, it might be encouraged to forgo its own profits for the sake of the company as a whole. Profit sharing could be introduced to motivate Northern to do this. A specified set of rules would be set up when each manager is negotiating a price. Such as if there is a match in price internally and externally, the business must be kept internally. Also if the managers cannot come to an agreement on price the outside market price will be used. If true negotiation occurred at Birch, each division manager would Transfer Pricing at Southern :: Business and Management Studies Transfer Pricing at Southern Alternatives 1. Cost Based Transfer Price Maintain the status quo within the company. All cost methods require that standard costs be used; therefore each division is encouraged to meet standard cost levels, instead of working around actual costs. This will increase goal congruence. Currently, the price Southern is charging is based on the market but they are running under capacity and had excess inventory. Therefore, Thompson is charging market price even though he is running under capacity. If SouthernÃ¢â¬â¢s VC = 60% then the 40% represents OH and profit. To prevent conflicts in the future it must be clear that variable costs of one division are not actually fixed costs for the whole company. ThompsonÃ¢â¬â¢s VC = $400 some of that could be FC for the whole company. (Align this alternative with RobÃ¢â¬â¢s Analysis). Advantages: increases goal congruence, requires that the vice president perform a routine cost analysis, therefore requires little resources. Southern mostly supplies Northern therefore, a market based system would be difficult due to the intermediate nature of the materials being transferred, adding attractiveness to a cost based system. Disadvantages: will be very difficult to determine what profit markup will be. Northern supplies mostly to outside companies and therefore will require additional resources in his division to price internal sales. The resources needed to work through the complexity of this system might not be justified by such a low volume. Two Step Pricing The standard VC is charged per unit sold then a periodic charge is made equal to the fixed costs associated with the facilities reserved for the buying unit. Since Thompson rarely sells to other divisions this might work because the facilities needed could easily be identified. Advantages: the buying unit would have proper information needed for marketing and long-term decisions Disadvantages: requires that FC be negotiated regularly, since Thompson rarely sells to Northern the resources needed for this negotiation might not be justified. 2. Negotiation Increase communication between divisions. Currently, Northern may not know that Thompson is paying a higher then expected price for the intermediate materials they need from Southern. If Northern was aware of the amount of upstream costs and profit involved internally, it might be encouraged to forgo its own profits for the sake of the company as a whole. Profit sharing could be introduced to motivate Northern to do this. A specified set of rules would be set up when each manager is negotiating a price. Such as if there is a match in price internally and externally, the business must be kept internally. Also if the managers cannot come to an agreement on price the outside market price will be used. If true negotiation occurred at Birch, each division manager would
Friday, July 19, 2019
In the Ã¢â¬Å"White ManÃ¢â¬â¢s BurdenÃ¢â¬ , Rudyard Kipling claims that it is the duty or burden of the white men to civilize the non-whites, to educate them and to religiously lift them (lecture notes, 2/8). Kipling is specifically talking about the colonized non-whites (lecture notes, 2/8). The idea that the newly colonized non-whites were lacking and needing help from a greater society was common among American whites at this time (lecture notes, 2/8). Rudyard uses the whitesÃ¢â¬â¢ public feelings towards the issue and writes Ã¢â¬Å"The White ManÃ¢â¬â¢s BurdenÃ¢â¬ in an attempt to move the whites to help the non-whites because he thinks it is a very beneficial movement for the U.S. Rudyard meant this poem to be a shocking and informative form of encouragement for the whites to take up the burden of saving the non-white civilizations that they have now signed up for responsibility over. In Ã¢â¬Å"The White ManÃ¢â¬â¢s BurdenÃ¢â¬ , Rudyard claims that the whites are bound to help the non-whites out of religious duty and for the whitesÃ¢â¬â¢ own good (Rudyard). In the last stanza, Rudyard also explains that the non-whites have been through a lot do to the whitesÃ¢â¬â¢ imperialism (Rudyard). Although he explains the non-whitesÃ¢â¬â¢ grievances, Rudyard does not really seem to be that sympathetic for the non-whites but instead, he seems to think very little of them and pretty much says they are incapable of taking care of themselves. At the time that Rudyard published Ã¢â¬Å"The White ManÃ¢â¬â¢s BurdenÃ¢â¬ , whites were already conflicted on what to do about the non-whites (US, 437). Some whites claimed that there should be little to no intervention of the whites on the non-white societies because Charles DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of Ã¢â¬Å"survival of the fittestÃ¢â¬ is the way that things should be (US, 437). The whites who were for intervention argued that it was the humane and religious duty of whites to become involved (US, 437). They also exclaimed that it was better to help the non-white develop because of the need for trade (US, 437). Because there had already been such a debate between the whites over this issue, RudyardÃ¢â¬â¢s poem gained attention quick (lecture notes, 2/8). RudyardÃ¢â¬â¢s work gained attention of American leaders and became an inspiration for future actions of imperialism (lecture notes, 2/8). RudyardÃ¢â¬â¢s poem seemed to have gained a lot of popularity because of his tone of nationalism. In the poem, he basically says that in order to be respected as one of the greater nations, America has to do some charity work and help some of the less fortunate (Rudyard).
Thursday, July 18, 2019
I. Synopsis RCBC Savings Bank is a wholly owned subsidiary of one of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s top universal banks, Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC). RCBC Savings Bank was incorporated on the 15th day of January, 1996 to provide retail banking services to its target clientele and serve as the consumer and retail banking arm of RCBC. RCBC Savings Bank formally started its thrift banking operations on the 27th day of February, 1996. It grew extensively in just over a year, from a lean one-branch organization with a seven-man skeletal force to an institution with a network of six branches supported by 106 full-time personnel in 1997.In September 1998, RCBC Savings Bank acquired selected assets and assumed deposit liabilities of Capitol Development Bank. As a result of the strategic alliance, the Bank further widened the reach of its branch network and became the 2nd largest thrift bank in the country with 117 branches. One of its branches is the RCBC Savings Bank La Paz in Iloilo City. It serves many Ilonggos in banking and financing services. Despite of its fast growing business, the Management paid no attention to some internal control aspects of its branches. Like the La Paz Branch many complaints from customers regarding the efficiency and slow-moving service of the bank. The long queuing of the customers every time they do transactions to tellers is really a problem; it decreases the goodwill of the company and much more the customer satisfaction. As we all know, the competition in banking industry is high and many banks are already here in Iloilo. How would the Management address this problem? What course of actions or solutions should the Management put in place to achieve higher customer satisfaction? Is the company really into realizing its vision to be the most-sought-after by the consumer market when it comes to financial products and services?
1.1excuse the wideness of continu completelyy improving friendship and practice. parvenu ways of working are invariably being developed so it is well-advised to hear and provide up-to-date breeding opportunities for all supply. Also there rump be changes to laws, legislation and policy so it is of great importance to ease up stave aware of these changes so they fire buoy reflect them in their practice. 1.2 Analyse potential barriers to schoolmaster festering.Potential barriers of master development pip beNot enough reinforcement and other resources provided by the familiarity. oNot enough round. rung mintt be expect to work all their work hours and attend free training on top, this whitethorn ca employ burn out for the staff and besides result in them non taking in as untold of the training that they should because they are tired. oFear and lack of assumption in information to additional regarding. oLack of period because due to working lots of hours so licitude that staff will gain the extra training and and then leave the company oLack of flexible working to take into broadsheet the extra learning oLack of IT skills1.3 liken the use of different sources and systems of support for professional development Within Holme Farm we use our supervision sessions to discuss professional development. This can also be discussed in a mathematical group within our staff meetings. Staff can use the supervision to discuss issues regarding their pick up person-to-person professional development in private if they wish to do so. root word supervision regarding professional development can be held and this can enable staff to rate other members of staff who have that same learning style as themselves thus enabling them to gain ease and support from each other. This is the way personally I like to discuss my professional development. Holme farm staffs are offered access to a wide range of literature to conjure their level of understandin g of the junior pot in our care. This way of learning is not suitable for all so individualist and group sessions are offered to staff regarding issues that our young tribe face. This was of learning is a to a greater extent direct approach as questions can be asked along the way barely the benefits of the pen literature is that it can be returned to at any time and re read and reviewed.1.4 Explain factors to consider when selecting opportunities and activities for retentivity knowledge and practice up to date. fitly identify what learning opportunities workers need for their act professional development. Identifying what learning and development involve each worker has and linking job descriptions and carer specifications to pertinent training and development. These need to be ground on the learning levels of each worker. As a part of the management group I need to make authoritative that the time when any training or learning opportunities are to take place that all the shifts are appropriately cover and there is nothing thing press release on that could cause the training/learning not to take place. For example roughly the Christmas and summer period when our young people are not in preparation and extra activities are taking place.4.1 Compare models of reflective practice.One model of upbraiding is the Gibbs Reflective Cycle. This model is a recognised framework for notice. The Gibbs model consists of hexad coifs to complete one cycle. The cycle begins with a description of the event, the following(a) stage is to stop our feelings, third is an evaluation of the experience, the fourth stage is for us to analyse the event to make sense of the experience, fifth stage is a conclusion of what else could have been done and terminal stage is an action plan to desexualize if a similar situation should proceed again. The Gibbs model encourages us to reflect as individuals. Kolbs reflective model is centred or so changing of information i nto knowledge.This takes place afterward a situation has occurred and it involves reflecting on the experience, gaining a general understanding of the concepts encountered during the experience and then testing these general understandings on a new situation. In this way the knowledge that is gained from a situation is continuously utilize and reapplied. The Gibbs model has five stages which enable you to break down what has happened and the fully understand how, why and where changes can be made next time around. Kolbs cycle lonesome(prenominal) has four parts and these are all based on solid facts and not how you feel and the emotions that run alongside a situation whether it be good or bad. Gibbs cycle takes into account you own personal thoughts and feelings. The language that Kolbs cycle is compose in is quite technical and could be quite hard tounderstand, whereas Gibbs cycle is written in simple English and is cook to understand what it is asking.Kolbs Modle of Reflectio n4.2 Explain the importance of reflective practice to meliorate performance. Reflective practice is important, as reflection enables us to improve skills and learn from experiences. This enables punter practice in the future. Reflection allows you identify areas of good and bad practice that you may have experienced or observed. When analysing these experiences it is hoped that you learn and improve skills and knowledge. We use reflection as a tool to learn from experiences so that we can understand and develop our knowledge and skills, it helps us as professionals bridge the wisecrack between theory and practice.
Wednesday, July 17, 2019
In the article Neoliberal globalisation by Dan Clawson, the author contended that the advocates of liberalism tried to mix this into globalization. He said that they are always attempting to make policies favorable to companies win. Unfortunately, these do non make corresponding benefits and compensations to its workers that trigger application crisis in the coupled States. Clawson further argued that liberalism should non be misunderstood as an needful phenomenon to accompanied globalization. Take for example the lucre.Since the net profit is a powerful force that connects mint in one region to the world, it is too considered as the best contributor in globalization. In order to take that advantage, companies directly tried to adapt a neoliberal persuasion on the use of the internet to make more(prenominal) profit for themselves. pull down so, the internet is for everyone in the world whether a person has riches and power or not. In addition to this, the concep t of globalization of the internet is very different from the perspective of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on globalization.Their belief is to bear most profits for communication channel, much to their interest. The neoliberals believe that the their version of globalization has generated many another(prenominal) profits and has made individuals wealthy. Yes, businesses instantly are indeed making more profit than before because of neoliberal strategies. However, the wealth has been distributed unequally in other words, wealth has been concentrated in certain business people. Clawson demonstrates this wrong argument of neoliberals by providing deuce different economy layovers namely, the welfare recite and the neoliberal state.Clawsons argument questioned why the average family income during the welfare state period was doubled compared to the slow increase during the neoliberalism period, devoted that the neoliberal oriented economy brought successfulness to the state. There was a noticable increase in income during the later period, but these increases were made by women workers and mostly distributed to the top people in the business. The Neoliberal version of globalization has whence resulted in the continuous gap broadening between the average workers and the top executives. With this, how does neoliberal globalization damage our economy?The regaining are serious and concentrated in the working class population. The more internationalistic trade grows, the higher income inequality becomes. This causes more people to lose their jobs because of the companies decision to move to other countries to cut costs. Many of them relocate their manufacturing jobs to China and the service sector jobs to India. This is the main reason why most of the products we table service are from China, and the servicing jobs are in India. All of these are causes of the companies downsizing and the increase unemployment.Clawson proposed some solutions to the neo liberal form of globalization. He said that if the workers formed a union, the outstanding would be controlled, and there would be a decrease in the relocation. I hold with this thinking of Clawson. Abolishing the boundless rights corporations have in relocation is an effective way to remark the workers rights. Unfortunately, the mathematical operation was more complicated than what Clawson suggested. some other alternative was the regulation of sweat conditions done organizations, such as the United Nations or the WTO.Clawson proposed that WTO should focus more on the workers rights and environment, and not only the company profits. WTO was established to protect organizational profits. If the right to regulate labor condition is granted to the WTO, there is a possibility that the WTO operate favorably to generate corporations profits. Clawsons neoliberal version of globalization brought labors crisis in the United States. He demonstrated these by providing many case exampl es. However, his proposals did not address feasible obstacles, which may follow as a result of those solutions or in the process of formulating those solutions.